Manuscript Sources and Editions

W The White Book Mabinogion ed. J Gwenogvryn Evans (Pwlheli : s.n., 1907); new edition with introduction by R. M. Jones (Cardiff : University of Wales Press, 1973). The manuscipt exists in two halves (Peniarth 4 and Peniarth 5, both of which are held at the National Library of Wales. A digital fascimile of the complete manuscript is available for viewing at the National Library of Wales website:
R The Mabinogion from the Red Book of Hergest ed. J. Rhŷs and J. Gwenovgvryn Evans (Oxford : s.n., 1887). The manuscript is held at Jesus College, Oxford (MS J.111). A digital fascimile of the complete manuscript is available for viewing at a subdomain of the Cardiff university website:
CO Culhwch and Olwen : An Edition and Study of the Oldest Arthurian Tale ed. Rachel Bromwich and D. Simon Evans (Cardiff : University of Wales Press, 1992)


MAB-D The Mabinogion translated with an introduction and notes by Sioned Davies (Oxford : University Press, 2007)
MAB-F The Mabinogi and other Medieval Welsh Tales translated, with an introduction by Patrick K. Ford (Berkley : University of California Press, 1977)
MAB-J The Mabinogion translated by Gwyn Jones and Thomas Jones (London and Melbourne : J. M Dent and Sons, 1974)

Dictionaries, Grammars and other Reference Tools

GMW A Grammar of Middle Welsh D. Simon Evans (Dublin : Institute of Advnaced Studies, 1989)
GPC Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru - A Dictionary of the Welsh Language ed. R. J. Thomas, Gareth A. Bevan and Patrick J. Donovan, (Cardiff : University of Wales Press, 1950-2002), 4 vol.
LHEB Language and History in Early Britain - A Chronological Survey of the Brittonic Languages, First to Twelfth Century AD Kenneth Hurlestone Jackson (Edinburgh : University Press, 1953)
ECMW The Early Christian Monuments of Wales V. E. Nash Williams (Cardiff : University of Wales Press, 1950)
ATU The Types of International Folktales: A Classification and Bibliography. Based on the system of Antti Aarne and Stith Thompson. Hans-Jörg Uther (Helsinki : Suomalainen Tiedeakatemia, 2004)

Primary Sources

CMT Cath Maige Tuired 'The Battle of Moytura' edited and translated by Elizabeth Gray Irish Texts Society 52 (1982)
HB Historia Britonnum 'Nennius : British History and the Welsh Annals' edited and translated by John Morris (London and Chichester : Phillimore, 1980)
HG The Harleian Genealogies, edited in "The Annales Cambriae and Old Welsh Genealogies, from Harleian MS. 3859", in Phillimore, Egerton, Y Cymmrodor Honourable Society of Cymmrodorion IX pp. 141–183. Reproduced online by Keith Fitzpatrick-Matthews at
LDC Llyfr Du Caerfyrddin 'The Black Book of Carmarthen' edited with notes by A. O. H. Jarmen (Cardiff : University of Wales Press, 1982)(Welsh language)
LPBT 'Legendary Poems from the Book of Taliesin' edited and translated by Marged Haycock (Aberystwyth : CMCS, 2007)
MD 'The Metrical Dindshenchas' Vols. I-V edited and translated by Edward Gwynn, reprint edition (Dublin : Institute of Advanced Studies, 1991)
PKM 'Pedeir Cainc Y Mabinogi' edited with notes and introduction by Ifor Williams, 2nd edition (Cardiff : University of Wales Press, 1951) (Welsh language). An online edition edition of the text is also available at
TYP Troiedd Ynys Prydein 'The Welsh Triads' edited with introduction, translation and commentary by Rachel Bromwich(Cardiff : University of Wales Press, 1978)
VS Vitae Sanctorum Britanniae et Genealogiae 'The Lives and Genealogies of the Welsh Saints' edited and translated by A. W. Wade-Evans. New edition edited by Scott Lloyd (Cardiff : Welsh Academic Press, 2013)

Secondary Sources

Edel, Doris'The catalogues in Culhwch ac Olwen and Insular Celtic learning' Bulletin of the Board of Celtic Studies 30 (1983)
Edel, Doris'The Arthur of "Culhwch and Olwen" as a Figure of Epic-Heroic Tradition' Reading Medieval Studies 9 (1983)
Foster, Idris and Faulkner, Neil'The Irish influence on some Welsh personal names' in Féil-sgríbhinn Eóin Mhic Néill - Essays and studies presented to Professor Eoin MacNeill edited by John Ryan (Dublin : Four Courts, 1938)
Ford, P. K.'A Highly Important Pig' in Celtic Language, Celtic Culture: a festschrift for Eric P. Hamp ed. A.T.E Matonis and Daniel F. Melia (Helsinki : Suomalainen Tiedeakatemia, 1990)
Hamp, Eric'Culhwch, the Swine' Zeitschrift für Celtische Philologie 41 (1986)
Henry, P.L.'Culhwch and Olwen - some Aspects of Style and Structure' Studia Celtica 3 (1968)
Jackson, K. H.'Rhai Sylwadu ar "Kulhwch ac Olwen"' Ysgrifau Beirniadol XII (1982)
Jones, Thomas 'Chwedl Yr Anifeiliad Hynaf' National Library of Wales Journal VII (1951)
Koch, John T.'Further to Tongu Do Dia Toinges Mo Thuath, &c.' Etudes Celtique 29 (1992)
Nagy, Joseph F.'A Leash and an Englyn in the Medieval Welsh Arthurian Tale Culhwch ac Olwen' in New Directions in Oral Theory - Essays on Ancient and Medieval Literatures ed. Mark Amodio (Tempe, Ariz. : Arizona Center for Medieval and Renaissance Studies, 2005)
Ní Chathain, Proinseas'Swineherds, Seers and Druids Studia' Celticia 14-15 (1979-1980)
Piquemal, Catherine'Culhwch and Olwen: A Structured Portrayal of Arthur?' Arthuriana 10.3 (2000)
Radner, Joan N.'Interpreting Irony in Medieval Celtic Narrative: The Case of Culhwch ac Olwen' Cambridge Medieval Celtic Studies 16 (1988)
Rodway, Simon'The Date and Authorship of Culwch ac Olwen: A Reassessment Cambrian Medieval Celtic Studies 49 (2005)
Sheehan, Sarah'Giants, Boar-hunts, and Barbering: Masculinity in Culhwch ac Olwen' Arthuriana 15.3 (2005)
Sims-Williams, Patrick'The Significance of Irish Personal Names in Culhwch ac Olwen' Bulletin of the Board of Celtic Studies 29 pt.4 (1982)